The cherries are native to southwest Asia
and Europe, and the major cultivation areas of this crop in the world are
circuits 25 to 45 degrees north and south of the earth. Cherries are very
similar to cherries in botany. The cherry is scientifically known as Prunus
cerasus from the genus Prunus, the Rosaceae family and the if a subfamily of
Khorasan Razavi (22%), East Azarbaijan
(11%), Tehran (8%), Kurdistan (7%), Alborz (6%), West Azarbaijan (6%), Qazvin
(6%), Golestan (15%), Semnan (6%) and Isfahan (5%) are the major provinces
which produce cherry in Iran.
countries of export markets:
Russia, United Arab Emirates,
Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Qatar, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Iraq, India, and
The country's cherry production is about
116,000 tons per year.
According to the Census of the Ministry
of Agriculture Jihad in 2017, the cultivation area of cherry orchards in the country
was 21.20 thousand hectares, 85.4% of which was cultivated by fertile trees and
14.6% by seedling. Out of 21,20 thousand hectares of fertile cherry trees in
Iran, 99.53% of it is irrigated and the rest is rainfed.
Iran ranks sixth in terms of production
after Russia, Poland, Turkey, Ukraine and the United States.
According to Iranian customs statistics,
the export of cherries amounted to 1598 tons, valued 1676 thousand dollars.