About The Ministry of Agriculture-Jahad

About The Ministry of Agriculture-Jahad

Agriculture sector deserves authentic position in boosting national independency, rising rural development, enhancing Food–Security and promoting national health. The sector widely enjoys climatic diversity and rich reserves for generating productive occupation, comparative advantage in production and exporting surplus products to local and foreign markets.

Agriculture sector displayed substantive indicators over the past years e. g. 14% share in G.D.P., 20% in employment and over 80% in foodstuff production for domestic consumption. These advantages are significantly remarked for productions, occupation, exportation and rational exploitation of natural resources supported by scientific research as well as people’s participation across the nation.

Now the sector has taken the lead for higher yield and quality production followed by enhancing rural status, preventing migration trend and generating socio-economic justice at national scale. All these commitments have been anticipated within the framework of the 5-Year National Development Plans supported by policy–makers in favor of socio–economic promotion nation-wide.

During the past years, agriculture sector has experienced profound changes and prosperities in many areas but however, invasion of many challenges including natural disasters i.e. severe drought and flooding have intensified the situation and stagnated proper growth and progression of the sector.

Affiliated Depts./Offices of the Ministry for Agriculture-Jahad

- Dept of planning and Economic Affairs

- Dept of Agronomic Affairs

- Dept of Livestock Products

- Dept of Management and Human Resource Development

- Dept of Water and Soil

- Dept of Horticultural Affairs

- Acting Minister in Commercial / Agro-industrial Affairs

Provincial Offices

There are 32 provincial offices dispersed nation-wide having affiliated units and authorities in districts and villages to perform ministerial commitments at various stages.

Individual Offices

- Ministerial Office

- Office of Environment and Food–Safety

- Center of Public Relations and Information

- Office of Int’l Affairs and Specialized Agencies

- Commission of Women Affairs

Major Affiliated Organizations:

- Nomadic People Organization (NPO)

- Agricultural Research, Education & Extension Organization (AREEO)

- Plant Protection Organization (PPO)

- Organization of Forests, Rangelands and Watershed Management

- National Veterinary Organization (NVO)

- National Fishery Organization (NFO)

- Central Organization for Rural Cooperatives of Iran (CORC)

- Bank of Agriculture (BOA)

Vision & Mission in Agriculture Sector:

Agriculture sector is committed, but not limited, to the following tasks:

A. Policy–making, planning and supervision;

1. Figuring out due policies and strategies relevant to agriculture and rural tribal development within the framework of sustainable Development setting ;

2. Investigating and operating on needed production to meet national requirements to agro-crops, animal proteins followed by export promotion in regard with comparative advantages and ongoing commercial codes and conduits;

3. Preparation and execution of updated information statistic system on agricultural rural characteristics ;

4. Derivation of standards and codes for planning in the areas of establishments and infra-structural setting required for production and producers in the sector;

5. Surveillance and evaluation of all performances and actions made by affiliated institutions followed by due coordination and synergy.

B. Research, Extension and Education

1. Launching applied research and development initiatives on following areas :

- Water and soil resources, breeding of new seeds and seedlings, genetic modification , livestock and aquatics raising, a forestation and watershed management , plant protection and pest control;

- Introducing the state of the arts of technology in biotechnology and genetic engineering within the sector proportional to prevalent climatic features;

- Rising productivity index, reducing wastes and qualifying the agro-crops;

- Producing effective medicines and biological inputs for combating diseases out-broken amid human and animals ;

2. Conducting applied/scientific training or techno-vocational courses for empowering practitioners, producers and clients of the sector under the approved acts and regulations.

3. Studying, designing and optimizing the patterns and practices associated to forming systems supported by regular monitoring and evaluation process.

C. Natural resources and watershed management

1. Comprehensive studying and surveying on national watersheds in favor of planning watershed management schemes to ban soil erosion and proper exploitation of arable lands and natural resources;

2. Protection, survival and expansion of forests and rangelands as well as sound and renewable use of natural resources in compliance with law and order of sustainable development;

D. Agro–infrastructures and rural development

1. Enhancement of agro-machinery proportional to climatic aspects and cultural settings of varying areas supported by due technical services needed;

2. Forwarding land–consolidation schemes, renovation of farms and orchards for higher productivity and efficient implication of basic inputs favoring greater performance and yield;

3. Planning on soil protection and reclamation for wider impacts and performance in irrigation process;

4. Focusing on small–scale schemes leading to improved water harvesting in coordination with the Ministry of Energy;

5. Making actions in building, maintenance and operating fishery ports and establishments coordinated with other line disciplines;

6. Emphasizing on Nomadic movement and sedentarization within the context of areal integrative schemes;

7. Development and supporting “processing plants” in agricultural rural areas;

E. Agro-businesses, livestock and aquatics;

1. Taking initiatives for higher productivity of farms and orchards via advising prompt farming patterns in view to water scarcity, production capacity and climatic conditions;

2. Providing veterinary services in animal farms plus controlling joint animal–human diseases, quarantine and hygienic attempts in slaughter-houses, pastures, farms, feed-plants, cool-houses, stores, etc;

3. Monitoring and supervision on basic inputs import acquired by the sub–sectors’ practitioners;

4. Planning and execution of core projects related to conservation and extension of livestock, aquatic and poultry resources followed by genetic modification and feeding qualification;

E. Supportive affairs in agro-business fields

1. Supporting wider investments in the sector via seeking credit facilities of bank system forming supportive funds, insurance coverage and processing plants for larger production and broader incentives amid producers and activists;

2. Paving the way for due supplying and distribution of agro-inputs, biologics and medicines trough public/private sectors under strict supervision;

3. Encouraging and supporting NGOs to interfere into service rendering process followed by close coordination and supervision on their operations;

4. Addressing market regulation for agro-products as well as proposing guaranteed price and purchase to support producers;

5. Creating facilities and bedding for marketing or exporting agro-crops and handicrafts commodities in abidance with commercial rules and regulations;

Area vis–a-vis production of agronomic crops during 2013-14

Description of crop

Area (ha.)

Production (ton )

Quantity

%

Quantity

%

Wheat

6.061.250

51.2

10.578.700

14.3

Barley

1.713.000

14.5

2.955.450

84

Paddy

Sadri long grain

324.800

2.7

1.282.210

1.7

High–yield m/g.

56.3950

0.5

347.000

0.5

Quality–yield m/g.

114.000

0.9

532.000

0.7

High yield m/g.

3000

0.03

15.400

0.02

Short grain

1.610

0.01

6.490

0.01

High yield s/g.

2.740

0.02

13.200

0.02

Others

36.000

0.3

150.840

0.2

Total

540.000

4.5

2.347.290

3.2

Flint corn

233.620

2

1.658.875

2.2

Other corn

1.450

0.01

11.40

0.2

Total

8.550.000

72.2

17.551.445

23.7

Industrial crops


Cotton

84.800

0.7

184.000

0.25

Tobacco

10.690

0.09

19.000

0.03

Sugar-beet

97.100

0.8

4.731.000

6.4

Sugar – cane

89.000

0.75

6.588.640

8.9

Soybean

68.700

0.58

142.520

0.2

Rapeseed

81.800

0.69

146.000

0.2

Other oil-seeds

66.700

0.56

55.600

0.08

Total

500.000

4.2

11.866.760

16

Pulses

Chickpea

52.500

4.5

268.735

0.36

Bean

116.232

1

226.735

0.3

Len tile

141.824

1.2

71.500

0.1

Other pulses

35.200

0.3

48.690

0.07

Total

822.000

7

615.297

0.8

Vegs.

Potato

159.000

1.3

4.988.650

6.7

Onion

55.000

0.5

2.000.000

2.8

Tomato

158.000

1.3

6.244.00

8.4

Greenhouse vegs.

1120

0.01

188.250

8.25

Other vegetables

127.400

1.1

2.715.360

3.7

Total

500.000

4.2

16.200.000

21.8

Cash–crops

Melon

77500

0.7

1.550.000

2.1

Water melon

153.000

1.3

4.000.000

5.4

Cucumber

67.750

0.6

1.561.300

2.1

Greenhouse cucumber

5735

0.05

1.434.00

1.9

Other cash crops

42.270

0.4

704.000

0.95

Total

346.250

3

9.260.000

12.5

Fodder crops

Alfalfa

640.240

5.4

5.834.000

7.9

Clover

55.124

0.5

500.600

0.7

Field corn

203.000

1.7

9.806.000

13.2

Other fodders

121.360

1

2.294.000

3.1

Total

1.020.000

8.6

18.500.000

24.9

Other agro–crops

102.000

0.9

140.000

0.2

Total

11.838.000

100

74.072.300

100

             

During 2013-14, agronomic crops covered around 11.84 m. ha of which cereals (72.2%), pulses (6.7%), industrial crops (4.2%) vegetables (4.23%) , cash–crops (2.9%), fodder crops (8.6%) and others (0.86%) were having differential shares. The widest areas belonged to wheat (5.2%), barley (14.5%), alfalfa (5.4%), paddy (4.55%), chickpea (4.46%) and field corn (1.97%) and totally occupied 82% of agronomic cultivation area.

The subsector recorded 74 m. tons of varying productions over the same period. Amid all, cereals (23.7%), pulses (0.83%), industrial crops (16%), vegetables (21.9%), cash–crops (12.5%) fodder-crops (24.9%) and others (0.2%), demonstrated remarkable yields. The highest performance practiced by wheat (14.3%) and the least realized by barley (4%). In total, 75% of agronomic crops accumulate under 9 main products.

Agronomic farms

During 2013-14, agro-crops covered 11.8% m. ha. Composing irrigated (51.8%) and rain-fed forms (48.2%). Over the period, Khuzestan province posed greatest share in farming area (8.85%) followed by Kermanshah (6.9%) and Fars (6.76%), whereas Alborz secured the least area (0.36%) among all.

Most irrigated farms were seen in Khuzestan province (13.6%) followed by Fars (9.96%) and Khorasan Razavi (8.3%) who totally cover 31.8% of irrigated plots in the country. Meanwhile, three provinces i.e. Kohkiluye , Alborz and Yazd deserved the least performances (0.7%) during the year.

Rain-fed areas were dispersed in Kordestan (11.7%), Kermanshah (10.7%) and E–Azarbaijan (7.93%) and totally cover 30.3% of such farms.

Production:

The subsector realized 74m. Tons of varying crops whose most share (92%) cultivated in irrigated the rest harvested from rain-fed farms. Khuzestan province solely produces one third of total agronomic crops (17.4%) followed by Fars (8.8%) and Khorasan Razavi (6.2%). Few provinces including Kohkiluye (0.4%), Qom (0.43%) and Khorasan Jonubi (0.63%) had their least contribution in production.

Followings are a brief displaying of performance realized in certain fields of the Ministry:

General Performance of Extension service during 2013-14

Activity

Unit

2013

2014

Extension Training

Person

25.6900

626.925

Festivals and fairs

Case

142

200

Celebrating the Week for Transfer of Findings

//

142

259

Commemorating the Farm Day

//

130

221

Extension-Research Plans

//

106

145

Selection of sample practitioners

Persons

5000

1365

Developing integrated pattern stations

Case

807

1072

Area covered under stations

Ha

14410

19148

Training of rural/nomadic women

Person

42469

118670

Creation and supporting Micro-Credit Fund

Unit

49

45

No. of funds’ members

Person

3172

1884

Selection and training rural woman animators

//

2572

1248

Growing safe crops using wormy-compost

Site

96

66

Created jobs in wormy-compost production

Person

610

424

Provincial T.V. programmers

Minute

24200

28793

Provincial Radio–programmers

//

146000

158220

Slide show

Title

100

15

Extension SMS

Case

841077

770packs

Quizzes on agro–skills assessments

Person

11084

8638

Organizing and recruiting Bassige Forces

p/d

52000

57000

Recruiting and training construction soldiers

Person

575957

1182

Centers for learning

Case

--

270

Recruiting extension animators

Person

2500

2500

Diversifying extension–service providers

Co.

2200

2200

Developing extension media

Title

145

690

Plans and projects being operated by Research Institutes in 2014

Institute

Common

National

Independent

Special

Total

National Bio–technology Institute

43

36

27

64

141

Soil-conservation and Watershed Management

0

193

49

135

291

National Ornamental Flower/Plan Institute

3

0

16

6

25

Committee of Socio-Economic and Extension Plans

15

50

19

73

141

National Tea Research Center

2

0

0

1

2

Silkworm Research Center

1

0

0

1

2

Center of Agricultural ITC

0

0

10

0

11

National Salinity Research Center

7

2

26

7

42

Higher Education Applied–Scientific Ins .

0

0

14

1

15

Breeding and Production Sugar-beet Seeds

45

213

30

12

259

Research Institute for Breeding and Production of Seeds and Saplings

411

1465

289

252

2025

National Rice–Research Institute

28

51

36

27

126

Int’l Research Institute of Caspian Sea

0

0

14

5

19

National Pistachio Research Institute

12

6

30

8

56

Cotton

17

80

45

6

141

Research Institute for Registration and Certification of seeds and Seedlings

33

74

26

64

152

National Research Institute of Forests and Rangelands

8

349

166

204

637

Soil and Water Research Institute

12

509

33

517

664

Dates and Temperate Fruits Research Institute

18

12

8

35

50


Livestock Science Research Institute

26

30

83

248

342

National Research Institute of Fishery Science

4

56

78

174

283

Agriculture Research institute of Rain fed

34

60

52

181

272

Agriculture Research Institute

170

524

138

8

709


Plant Breeding Research Institute

63

359

110

365

620

National Citrus Fruits Research Institute

23

15

48

15

90

Razi Research/Production Institute for Serum and Vaccine

3

140

136

10

294

Total

979

4224

1494

2418

7411

Statistics of protein stuffs produced during 2013--14

Description of Activity

2013

2014

Production of red meat

755

785

Production of white meat

chicken

1967

2033

fish

863

916

prawn

21/5

31

Production of eggs

Production of honey

Production of milk

894

925

75

78

8268

8800

Red meat and milk in 2014

Animal

Red meat

Milk

Sheep

275

271

Goat

90

294

Genius cattle

59

3320

Hybrid cattle

216

4000

Domestic cattle

131

782

Buffalo

8.2

128

Camels

4.6

-

Total

784

8800

National Land Composition in 2014

Description

percentage

Range lands

52.3

Deserts

20.1

Forests

8.8

Bosh lands

1.6

Natural resources premise

82.8

Others

17.2

Iranian forest type, area and composition

Forest type description

Area (ha.)

Percentage

Iran- Turani

4032747

28/2

Khalij- Omani

2119000

14/8

Arasbarani

200000

1/4

Zagross

6000000

42

Hirkani

1967316

13/7

Total

14320000

100

Northern Forests based on cover density in 2014

Coverage density

percentage

Area (ha.)

Percentage

Dense forests

>70%

1024506

52

Semi-dense forests

%70-40

660952

34

Scattered forests

%10-40

256894

13

Hand-grown forests

-

24964

1

Total

1967316

100

Rangeland area based on types and quality in 2014

Description / quality

Area (ha.)

Percentage

Rich rangelands

7181250

8.5

Medium rangelands

21419150

25.2

Poor rangelands

56214590

66.3

Total range lands

84815000

100

Northern rangelands area

1692522

2

Others

831222470

98

Status qua of fish/prawn culturing details during 2013-14

Description of activities and performance

2013

2014

Fish

culturing

No .of projects

16254

14615

Area covered

50853

48697

Production quantity

171000

168447

No. of farmer/fishermen involved

25930

27156

Fresh- water Fish raising

No. of individual farms

1595

1923

Area under farming

225

230

Production quantity

126515

143917

No. o farmers/fishermen involved

15416

19204

Using national water resources

No. of individual farms

428

412

Area under farming

746096

562227

Production quantity

51666

45550

No. o farmers/fishermen involved

8877

8870

Prawn farming

No. of individual farms

518

335

Area under farming

7053

4780

Production quantity

22475

12698

No. o farmers/fishermen involved

44950

6350

Ornamental fish

No. of individual farms

1566

1423

Area under farming

20

35

Production (million pcs)

204

186

No. of producers involved

6788

6172

Other aquatic culturing

No. of individual farms

9

1

Area under farming

7.6

7.5

Production quantity

tons+560000pes70

ton+2000000pcs 263

No. o farmers/fishermen involved

38

102

تاریخ به روز رسانی:
2018/01/09
تعداد بازدید:
248
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